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Kyrgyzstan tribes


Obviously, these Kirghiz Kalmaks under increasing pressure from the east in the first half of XV century, began to move into the southern and western regions Mogolistan. Prior to the peripheral and relatively weak Kyrgyz tribes, retaining their strength during the invasion of Timur and Timurids are now flooded to the central regions, and after weakening Mogolistan duglatov were able to take the rich pastures and forest areas Semirechye Tien Shan.
Time and circumstances relocation Kirghiz tribes from the Altai and Irtysh at their current home were detailed in the first volume of "History of the Kirghiz SSR." In particular, one of the main causes of displacement in the Kyrgyz Tien Shan can be regarded as rulers of the desire of Kyrgyz tribal organizations to establish a direct and lasting contact with the settled agricultural areas of East Turkestan in Central Asia. Participation in the Central Asian expeditions to the Mughal city of Central Asia and the occasional forays into the border ownership of Eastern Turkestan could not provide a constant supply of necessities of life, especially grain, fabrics, as well as luxury items, which sought to capture the tribal elite.
Such an opportunity was opened to the Kyrgyz leaders in the the second half of XV century., When the state structure Mogolistan came in the final breakdown in inter-tribal wars and mezhousobnyh, as well as the devastating invasion Kalmaks Dzungaria. That's when most of the Kyrgyz tribes finally left the Altai and Irtysh for the rich pastures of the Central Tien-Shan, where they could control a large part of the Silk Road.
Thus, the migration of Kyrgyz Altai and Irtysh in the Tien Shan in the XV century. should not be viewed as a spontaneous phenomenon, but as a natural result of the research policy of the rulers of the Kirghiz, who constantly sought to take the rich pastures of mountain-forest areas of the Tien-Shan N simultaneously to establish control over significant portions of the Great Silk Road. Although the orientation of the Kyrgyz of the Altai and Irtysh in the Tien Shan began in the second half of the IX., But its full implementation was possible only in the XV., When the beginning of the collapse of the state Mogolistan in the Seven Rivers, and in the Tien Shan appeared more favorable for this purpose the political situation. Since that time an entirely new, the third stage in the development of the Kyrgyz ethnic group, the whole subsequent history is inextricably linked with the territory of Tien Shan, where he ended a long complicated process of formation of the Kyrgyz people.