If you want to organize tours in Kyrgyzstan, it is better to get acquainted with the history of the country. Our travel agency also recommends to use a car rent service for guests who want to travel by their own route. Today we will tell you about rich history of Kyrgyzstan. We cannot describe all events in the one short article, but you will have an opportunity to ask different questions to the guides, communicate with local people and of course nomads.
All routes of the tours include the visit to the ancient petroglyphs on the walls of gorges. They reflect the ancient times and the culture of nomadic people. They were moving from pastures to pastures with all their staff including yurts - nomadic dwellings. The history of Kyrgyz people is estimated to be of 2000 years old, but the first mentioning was in 201 BC.
During the tours guests enjoy the panorama views of the mountains, explore the cities and visit cultural monuments of the country. In the Issyk Kul Region, in Cholpon Ata, there is the Rock Art Gallery. During the Bronze Age these petroglyphs were situated in the center of spiritual life. On the walls it is possible to see different pictures of goats, bulls, horses, other animals and the scenes of dancing, hunting, communicating.
Broadly speaking the history of Kyrgyzstan begins in Chinese notes in 201 BC. The entire ancient history belongs to the period from 1000BC to 300AD. Kyrgyz people were described in the chronicle "Historical notes", that contains information about 5 tribes that were fighting with Hunnu. Kyrgyz people were also mentioned in the chronicle Han-shu of historian Ban Gu. Today many scientists claim that the Kyrgyz state was situated in the Eastern Turkestan.
The period from 1200 to 1400 is characterized by events such as invasions by Mongols. After an invasion Turkic culture was almost destroyed. In 1207 Yenisei Kyrgyz were conquered by Chenghiz Khan. In 12-15th centuries nomadic people began to converge with Arab, Persian, Turkic, Arab traders. It led to the spread of Islam.
In the 15th century Kyrgyz people from South Siberia started to move to the territory of modern country. Due to that in 15th-19th, century Kyrgyz people did not have any state. Some leaders of Kyrgyz tribes tried to unite the people under one state, their attempts failed. At that time the tribes had own political system and views.
Since the 18th century and up to the beginning of the 20th century there was a process of annexation to the Russian Empire. The north Kyrgyz tribes wanted to join Russian Empire in order to defend themselves from the internal and external enemies. The South tribes were against this idea, so they were joined by force. The annexation resulted in the change of way of life from nomadic to agricultural and citizen-like.
In the 20th century, in 1917, the Bolsheviks came to power in Russian Empire. Their reign supported the idea of equality of all people and the abolition of exploitation. The Soviet Union was formed. This significant event well influenced the political, economic and cultural life of Kyrgyzstan. The level of education also started to develop. Statehood of the Kyrgyz people turned into the autonomous region, than it became the republic. Nevertheless, that process was not so peaceful. There were prohibitions to believe in God, it led to murders of innocent people. You can rent a car and visit many architectural and historical monuments of Soviet Era.
In 1991 the USSR collapsed so Kyrgyzstan became an independent state. The rapid political chance caused the economic crisis and rising unemployment. The country introduces its own flag, anthem, currency and etc. In 1992 it became the member of the United Nations, in 1993 it had taken its own Constitution. Nevertheless, the political situation in the country was unstable. There were 2 revolutions - in 2005 and 2010. Nowadays Kyrgyzstan is a peaceful state, where you enjoy the fantastic tours!